Type II Diabetes: What Is it?
Your body does a poor job converting carbohydrates into energy. This builds up sugar in your blood. Over time it increases your risk for heart disease, stroke, blindness, infections, and several other very serious illnesses. It strikes people of all ages, and the early symptoms are mild. It is a silent killer. About 1 out of 3 people with type 2 diabetes don’t know they have it.
Type II Diabetes Symptoms
If you experience any of the symptoms listed below, get checked by your doctor immediately.
- Excessive thirst
- Dry mouth
- Excessive appetite
- Excessive urination
- Severe weight loss or weight gain
- Blurred vision
- Cuts heal slowly
- Frequent urinary tract infections
- Itchy skin
Risk Factors You Can Control
Here are several risk factors that you can control to prevent Type II Diabetes:
Don’t smoke or eat a heavy diet of read meat and processed foods. Don’t eat a steady diet of high fat dairy products and high sugar content desserts.
Moreover, absolutely do maintain a regular exercise schedule. For example, here is an exercise that just about anyone can do. Walk 5 days a week for 30 minutes each session. You don’t need a gym or fancy equipment. Your heart, circulatory system, muscles, and skin will thank you.
Risk Factors Out of Your Control
Of course, there are several things you can’t control with this disease and you need to be aware of them.
They are ethnicity, genetics, and age.
For example, statistics indicate that Hispanics, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asians are more likely to contract Type II diabetes.
If you have a parent or sibling with this disease, your odds increase.
Your odds dramatically increase starting at age 45 and up.
Insulin Is The Key To Prevent Type II Diabetes
Insulin is the hormone that turns food into energy. The stomach starts by breaking down carbohydrates into sugars. They then enter the bloodstream, triggering your pancreas to release the hormone insulin in just the right amounts. Your cells then use this sugar for fuel.
In Type II diabetes, excessive sugar buildup in the blood overwhelms the cells ability to respond. And the pancreas insulin fine tuned timing and measuring system breaks down.
What You Need To Do
First, you can control your blood sugar levels by improving your diet and losing the extra weight. Eat controlled portions by monitoring the carbs, proteins, and fat you eat and cut the calories.
Second, regular exercise, like walking or strength training will improve your body’s use of insulin and will lower blood sugar levels. Consequently, you will avoid chronic kidney disease, hardening of the arteries, and blindness. High blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of your eye.
Third, control your stress level as stress will raise your blood pressure and blood sugar. The best stress controlling techniques are deep breathing, meditation, and visualization.
Type II diabetes can be controlled with a healthy diet and regular exercise. In addition, there are several drugs that are effective in controlling insulin levels.