Muscles naturally grow — in both strength and size — until age 30. Then they start to decline by as much as 3% to 5% each year. In sarcopenia, muscle loss is significant enough to present a risk to health. According to the International Sarcopenia Initiative, sarcopenia affects one-third of adults over age 50, and is a component of frailty syndrome and wasting syndrome.
How Is Sarcopenia Diagnosed?
Technically, sarcopenia is defined as muscle mass below two standard deviations from the mean for healthy young adults. However muscle mass is difficult to measure. Clinically, sarcopenia can be diagnosed with a simple questionnaire, called SARC-F.
SARC-F is an acronym that stands for Strength, Assistance in walking, Rising from a chair, Climbing stairs, and Falls. The questionnaire scores answers on the scale of 0 to 2 to the
- How much difficulty do you have lifting and carrying 10 pounds?
- How much difficulty do you have walking across the room?
- How much difficulty do you have transferring from a chair or bed?
- How much difficulty do you have climbing a flight of ten stairs?
- How many times have you fallen in the past year?
A score of 4 or higher indicates sarcopenia.
How is Sarcopenia Treated?
Exercise is a mainstay of treatment for sarcopenia. Resistance exercise is considered the best form of treatment, but any exercise that improves strength and balance is useful. The key is finding an exercise that the individual can do on a regular basis.
Vitamin D insufficiency has also been linked with decreased muscle function. Vitamin D supplementation, in addition to exercise, helps manage sarcopenia.
Atlantic Coast Healthcare and Rehabilitation Center is a beautiful nursing home and rehab center, situated on beautifully landscaped grounds. Atlantic Coast provides the comfortable and pleasant living experience that is essential to ensuring optimal clinical outcomes. We have strived to create an environment and program that truly enhances quality of life, thus promoting recuperation, health, and well-being.
Our modern facility features spacious living spaces that are impeccably decorated and furnished. Our residents are pampered with the finest amenities, including free WIFI, flat screen cable television and state-of-the-art mechanical beds for individualized comfort.
Our master chef and the entire staff of culinary experts prepare delicious meals to please even the most discerning palates. Our meals are not only delicious, they are also elegantly served, using fine china and utensils. In addition, we have a registered dietician to supervise the process to ensure that all meals conform to the individual dietary restrictions and requirements for every resident.
At Atlantic Coast, our goal is to offer recreational activities that stimulate both mind and body. We fashion each day’s recreation schedule with the primary purpose of encouraging social interaction and promoting physical health and fitness. To accommodate different interests and personal preferences, our Activities Director designs flexible schedules, with a variety of stimulating and engaging activity options.
Atlantic Coast is conveniently located in scenic Lakewood, NJ, close to major medical centers and just minutes from area highways.
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